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Chennai and Kolkata miss opportunity to grow as Delhi and Mumbai Tribute – Manikam Ramaswami Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ to the lack of interest on the part of these to focus on original research. This despite the much lower costs of such research in India. The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more Modi storms Silicon Valley Tribute New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… Cement prices continue to rise… Tihar, Puzhal not different from Parappana Agrahara Adharma of opposition politics The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’ The star of Spencers is no more Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL When small is no larger beautiful.. Streamlining mandatory third party cover Wanted: a second airport for Chennai Editor's Says Why this malaise in medical education? Permanent secretariat for TN GIM Tax agriculture Paytm karo... S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal Tatas moving out of urea production... GNS - 100: our first subscriber Contrarian cousins TIAM turns a full cycle A welcome initiative by the judiciary Russi Mody – a tribute Revive development banks... This scant respect for Law Bihar elections - the Rajaji formula worked When nations steal growth from one another… For whom the bell tolls? Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research Vibrant Gujarat Cutting the nose to spite the face S Ramanathan – a versatile musician, musicologist Shanti and Sadhana through Music Things happen by accident and not by design... A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… When the President was rendered homeless… Shale gas and its shallow future London, London Narayan Towards speedy justice Excel Generators provide the vital back-up Why land prices zoom in TN? When online building permits work…. Modi and the lady Air Asia India will set new benchmarks for budget travel He continues the focus on social amelioration Moily’s bold thrust Discoms deserve better… Polls and promises Another Indian music maestro at the UN Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School The nuclear option Readers' Mail TGS- The king storyteller Five star activism stalls development activity Sri Lanka votes for change Insurance companies bleeding, yet no decision on increasing FDI limit! Waning interest in public discussions… Nuclear power at the nucleus Muffled voices for merit… More Shakthi to Das’ elbow GM Technology at last! Preserving for the future Varuna (rain) in 2015; Vaayu (air) in 2016. Chennai devastated Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model Engineering seats go abegging Focus on quality of power - its only around 170-180V SoA @ 80 Delhi Chalo... Fuel for thought Secularism and anti-Hinduism CII projects higher growth… Quality silica from Neyveli Shipping woes of Chennai companies Small units prefers to remain small... Noble nonagenarians... Where is Rajaji? All eyes on Sankara Nethralaya Come elections, come advertisements... Lesson from Chandrababu Naidu Parliament in paralysis... West Bengal: mindless malignancy The rise and rise of KCP Tough task taking states together Liberal imports idling indigenous capacities Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna Haul over the coal Tatas moving out of urea production... Delhi returns to BJP Recognition to role of NBFCs.... Solar thermal shines… The few handicaps... Boy, can you beat these? A think tank for Chennai A yen for wastage… Land reclamation from sea appears cheaper! Protest masters... A rich pool of talent not utilised…. A professional at the helm of IRDA... Tribute – M V Murugappan Pharma – overdose of copying Strengthen the base... 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Sweeter prospects for sugar PC’s preference for professionals When Ratan Tata visited SRM Medical costs hit the roof... Remembering Indira Sivasailam... L&T: focus on infrastructure and more infrastructure… The Jan Dhan bonanza Tribute – UCAL Selvan… Whistle-Stop Tour of Raghuram Rajan Not just in-laws (and outlaws); they’ve renowned academics at the helm! The power-full Hindujas …and of a popular trade leader Auto components surge… Fortune for Indian Airlines The rise and fall of Annamalai University Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS The Gulf aviation boom Banning booze... When TN politicians can emulate Kerala's Making ‘my Amaravati’... Maximising the micro pricing … B H Kothari - a tribute Delhi is distant Gas is the way forward Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet Align crops to agro climate endowments… Eternal support for capitalisation of PS banks Intellectual of rare qualities The Ports’ Pasha expands into Tamil Nadu China invests in India WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Multi-faceted Venkat Measuring roof tops in terms of KW/MW Marketing expert Balagopal is no more F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing Mersal magnified The balancing act Mu Sigma – is no more Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... Silver Years of Madras Musings Building loyalty through the stomach Valli, they are more marginalised A glass full of corruption Music happens MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways No engine for this car He saved millions from starvation... A C Muthiah – his munificent bequeaths to science A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... Welcome thrust on trade in Modi’s foreign visits... An enemy’s enemy is a friend Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai Which side are you, Montek? Put expensive assets created to use... No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu There was flood of milk. Reason: no milk commissioner! Editor's Notes The brown list of Venkitaramanan Funding the un-funded More heat than light Of course, Gujarat is vibrant Kinetic Karnataka Solar, solar everywhere … Demise of a media baron... CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health TN – agglomerate land holdings without alienating ownership Return to king coal for urea... No Maha Koottani in TN... Online not in line with brick and mortar businesses... Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... How Air-India loses customs... Computation of GDP – conundrums continue
 
Gas is the way forward

IE has been pointing to Tamil Nadu’s total unconcern  over utilising the enormous potential of natural gas. For close to 30 years, IE has been pointing to the prosperity, especially of Gujarat and Maharashtra, built on the effective utilisation of natural gas/LPG. Apart from utilising a large portion of natural gas produced both on land and offshore at the Bombay High, these states have also created the infrastructure for importing large quantities of LNG. Look at the LNG terminals existing as on 31 March 2016: 

At Dahej in Gujarat the terminal has capacity for 10 mmtpa being increased to 15 mmtpa during the current year. 

At Hazira again in Gujarat, for 5 mmtpa.

At Dabhol in Maharashtra, for 1.692 mmtpa in phase 1 to be increased to 5 mmtpa.

Kochi built for a capacity of 5 mmtpa, but utilises a small fraction. 

In Gujarat large capacity fertiliser and power plants use gas as a feedstock effectively; a vast range of industries including steel, petrochemicals and chemicals widely use gas as also for transportation and as domestic fuel. Over a hundred units concentrated in and around Rajkot that produce ceramic tiles and large capacity glass units are based on gas. 

Look at the concentration of use by the three prosperous states:

1) As on 1 April 2016, of the total number of 1081 compressed natural gas stations (CNG), Gujarat accounted for 377, New Delhi for 340 and Maharashtra for 225 - close to 87 per cent by these three states. 

2) Of the total PNG connections of 3,287,875, Gujarat accounted for 1,554,525, Maharashtra for 924,042 and Delhi 669,265 - close to 98 per cent. 

3) Of the CNG vehicles that totalled 2,557,895, Gujarat had 864,735, New Delhi 823,298 and Maharashtra 567,785- close to 88 per cent.  

While Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh find a place in the use of natural gas, Tamil Nadu is nowhere in this. During April-September of 2016, total consumption was provisionally estimated at 27.91 bn. cubic metres with roughly 46 per cent met by imports;  this has registered an increase with liberal imports. Of this the share of Tamil Nadu is limited to a small quantum of LPG used as a domestic fuel. 

The saddest part of it relates to the state leadership blocking the construction of the gas pipeline that would facilitate use of gas imported at the Kochi terminal. The AIADMK government blocked the plan of GAIL on opposition from an estimated 5500 farmers for laying the pipeline through their fields; contrast this with the benefit to the 170 lakh population of the seven districts! Long litigation through the Madras High Court and the Supreme Court, the state blocked construction of the pipeline; the Courts ultimately rejected the appeals of the state government. Sadly, neither the industry nor the larger sections of public who would benefit immensely by the availability of this elegant raw material, have been concerned with this. For nearly a year, the state keeps to its rigid stance of its right - to shoot itself on its foot!

Look at the massive plans of the Union government to complete the national gas grid which received a set back by the Reliance Industries resiling on its original promise to construct pipelines from AP to Tamil Nadu and West Bengal and thence to UP. Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dharmendra Pradhan, outlined at the Economic Editors’ Conference the Urja Ganga Project designed to take gas to West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha and UP. It will feed the two fertilizer plants at Barauni and Sindri which are sick. A 1000 km Dhamra-Bokaro pipeline is to be constructed at a cost of Rs 6000 crore. IOC and GAIL will jointly set up an LNG terminal at Dhamra. A massive fertilizer plant at Thalcher in Odisha to be jointly set up by a number of PSUs will also be fed by this pipeline. 

And Tamil Nadu does not seem to have any qualm about keeping the once prosperous fertilizer plants of Madras Fertilizers and SPIC sick for want of gas as a feedstock! 



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