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When Ratan Tata visited SRM Streamlining mandatory third party cover Poor quality of university VCs Remembering Indira Sivasailam... EVM is tamper-proof Adharma of opposition politics Measuring roof tops in terms of KW/MW Return to king coal for urea... Infrastructure funding – lessons learnt A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… Medical costs hit the roof... Kudos to NDTV... L&T- the specialty of special purpose vehicles Delhi Chalo... Come elections, come advertisements... Delhi is distant TIAM turns a full cycle Lalu’s envy, India’s pride Naidu will soon build a new Hyderabad More tributes to GR Tatas moving out of urea production... Quality silica from Neyveli How Air-India loses customs... Silver Years of Madras Musings The balancing act Airlines in India: cost and space Building loyalty through the stomach For whom the MIDS bell tolls? Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil? Odisha: spectacular win by Naveen Patnaik Preserving for the future B H Kothari - a tribute Pharma – overdose of copying IPL - no surprise this scam CII projects higher growth… Valli, they are more marginalised Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... Revving up the manufacturing sector When nations steal growth from one another… Quality education through the PPP mode More heat than light Kinetic Karnataka More Shakthi to Das’ elbow Nuclear power at the nucleus Insurance companies bleeding, yet no decision on increasing FDI limit! Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research The why of tax incentives Telangana in top gear… Russi Mody – a tribute Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ Plummeting profits of PSBs The brown list of Venkitaramanan Robber barons everywhere Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna S Ramanathan – a versatile musician, musicologist Editor's Says The star of Spencers is no more He saved millions from starvation... No engine for this car Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel He continues the focus on social amelioration An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... Welcome GST When online building permits work…. Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai Paytm karo... 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The rise and rise of KCP Increasing non co-operation of state leaders Funding the un-funded A think tank for Chennai Roaring Ro-Ro facility WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Strengthen the base... Recognition to role of NBFCs.... TELANGANA at last…BUT When small is no larger beautiful.. Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Shipping woes of Chennai companies Why land prices zoom in TN? Towards speedy justice Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... PC’s preference for professionals A welcome initiative by the judiciary Small units prefers to remain small... Not just in-laws (and outlaws); they’ve renowned academics at the helm! Another Indian music maestro at the UN Put expensive assets created to use... When the President was rendered homeless… The nuclear option Of course, Gujarat is vibrant A friendly business group TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... A glass full of corruption S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal Welcome thrust on trade in Modi’s foreign visits... Banning booze... 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F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing Excel Generators provide the vital back-up Fortune for Indian Airlines TGS- The king storyteller Bihar elections - the Rajaji formula worked SoA @ 80 Tough task taking states together New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… Permanent secretariat for TN GIM Breaththrough in malaria control No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu Whistle-Stop Tour of Raghuram Rajan London, London Narayan There was flood of milk. Reason: no milk commissioner! Delhi returns to BJP For whom the bell tolls? Varuna (rain) in 2015; Vaayu (air) in 2016. Chennai devastated Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi Sweeter prospects for sugar The sea- saw battle continues... Demise of a media baron... The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’ Liberal imports idling indigenous capacities Convulsions in The Hindu The Gulf aviation boom The power-full Hindujas Tax agriculture Welcome focus on core competence Protest masters... Solar, solar everywhere … Auto components surge… Waning interest in public discussions… More Shakti to resource mobilisation... Don’t seem to feel the pulse… CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more IAS invades NDDB... CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. Focus on quality of power - its only around 170-180V Noble nonagenarians... A proud Madrasi Mersal magnified The rise and fall of Annamalai University A rich pool of talent not utilised…. Engineering seats go abegging Land reclamation from sea appears cheaper!
 
Gas is the way forward

IE has been pointing to Tamil Nadu’s total unconcern  over utilising the enormous potential of natural gas. For close to 30 years, IE has been pointing to the prosperity, especially of Gujarat and Maharashtra, built on the effective utilisation of natural gas/LPG. Apart from utilising a large portion of natural gas produced both on land and offshore at the Bombay High, these states have also created the infrastructure for importing large quantities of LNG. Look at the LNG terminals existing as on 31 March 2016: 

At Dahej in Gujarat the terminal has capacity for 10 mmtpa being increased to 15 mmtpa during the current year. 

At Hazira again in Gujarat, for 5 mmtpa.

At Dabhol in Maharashtra, for 1.692 mmtpa in phase 1 to be increased to 5 mmtpa.

Kochi built for a capacity of 5 mmtpa, but utilises a small fraction. 

In Gujarat large capacity fertiliser and power plants use gas as a feedstock effectively; a vast range of industries including steel, petrochemicals and chemicals widely use gas as also for transportation and as domestic fuel. Over a hundred units concentrated in and around Rajkot that produce ceramic tiles and large capacity glass units are based on gas. 

Look at the concentration of use by the three prosperous states:

1) As on 1 April 2016, of the total number of 1081 compressed natural gas stations (CNG), Gujarat accounted for 377, New Delhi for 340 and Maharashtra for 225 - close to 87 per cent by these three states. 

2) Of the total PNG connections of 3,287,875, Gujarat accounted for 1,554,525, Maharashtra for 924,042 and Delhi 669,265 - close to 98 per cent. 

3) Of the CNG vehicles that totalled 2,557,895, Gujarat had 864,735, New Delhi 823,298 and Maharashtra 567,785- close to 88 per cent.  

While Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh find a place in the use of natural gas, Tamil Nadu is nowhere in this. During April-September of 2016, total consumption was provisionally estimated at 27.91 bn. cubic metres with roughly 46 per cent met by imports;  this has registered an increase with liberal imports. Of this the share of Tamil Nadu is limited to a small quantum of LPG used as a domestic fuel. 

The saddest part of it relates to the state leadership blocking the construction of the gas pipeline that would facilitate use of gas imported at the Kochi terminal. The AIADMK government blocked the plan of GAIL on opposition from an estimated 5500 farmers for laying the pipeline through their fields; contrast this with the benefit to the 170 lakh population of the seven districts! Long litigation through the Madras High Court and the Supreme Court, the state blocked construction of the pipeline; the Courts ultimately rejected the appeals of the state government. Sadly, neither the industry nor the larger sections of public who would benefit immensely by the availability of this elegant raw material, have been concerned with this. For nearly a year, the state keeps to its rigid stance of its right - to shoot itself on its foot!

Look at the massive plans of the Union government to complete the national gas grid which received a set back by the Reliance Industries resiling on its original promise to construct pipelines from AP to Tamil Nadu and West Bengal and thence to UP. Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dharmendra Pradhan, outlined at the Economic Editors’ Conference the Urja Ganga Project designed to take gas to West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha and UP. It will feed the two fertilizer plants at Barauni and Sindri which are sick. A 1000 km Dhamra-Bokaro pipeline is to be constructed at a cost of Rs 6000 crore. IOC and GAIL will jointly set up an LNG terminal at Dhamra. A massive fertilizer plant at Thalcher in Odisha to be jointly set up by a number of PSUs will also be fed by this pipeline. 

And Tamil Nadu does not seem to have any qualm about keeping the once prosperous fertilizer plants of Madras Fertilizers and SPIC sick for want of gas as a feedstock! 



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