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Small units prefers to remain small...
Ahluwalia pointed to the absence of medium-sized companies that employ 50-300 that would contribute to healthy growth of the manufacturing sector. Either business enterprises are too small or too large, he said. Jawahar Vadivelu, President-SICCI, attributed this to the difficulty of entrepreneurs to exit businesses: “not only it particularly difficult to start or exit a business, India is lagging even with respect to the ease of doing business. India currently ranks 137 of 185 countries in terms of ease of doing business. A direct consequence is that small and medium - sized firms tend to remain that way for much too long, leaving them vulnerable to external challenges.  Incentives are not there for firms to graduate to the organised sector where they have the capacity to grow. Instead they chose to remain inside the radar and chose to remain small.”
Till the 1990s there was a reservation of close to 800 items to be produced only by the small sector. There were exemption limits for excise duties and sales tax that again resulted in small businesses remaining small.  But the policy swung to the other extreme from the late 1990s; it eliminated at one stroke bulk of the special incentives and priority sector treatment given to the small sector. This resulted in the sector reporting pervasive sickness in the vital small and medium industry segment that remains the backbone of the manufacturing sector in several developed countries.

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