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Mu Sigma – is no more Tatas moving out of urea production... Solar thermal shines… Discoms deserve better… WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Marketing expert Balagopal is no more Secularism and anti-Hinduism CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... Vibrant Gujarat More tributes to GR An inexplicable neglect Tribute Quality education through the PPP mode The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more The few handicaps... Liberal imports idling indigenous capacities A welcome initiative by the judiciary Naidu will soon build a new Hyderabad Boy, can you beat these? IAS invades NDDB... Of course, Gujarat is vibrant Sweeter prospects for sugar Towards speedy justice Why this malaise in medical education? Things happen by accident and not by design... Valli, they are more marginalised Welcome thrust on trade in Modi’s foreign visits... Where a state respects its litterateurs… Tribute – M V Murugappan Multi-faceted Venkat More Shakthi to Das’ elbow A glass full of corruption Editor's Says Intellectual of rare qualities Strengthen the base... Fall in crude prices help in oil sector reform More Shakti to resource mobilisation... PPP mode for upgrading Corporation Hospitals Tough task taking states together Tribute – Manikam Ramaswami GNS - 100: our first subscriber Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School L&T: focus on infrastructure and more infrastructure… When online building permits work…. Computation of GDP – conundrums continue L&T- the specialty of special purpose vehicles Mersal magnified The rise and rise of KCP A C Muthiah – his munificent bequeaths to science Whistle-Stop Tour of Raghuram Rajan ONGC at KG Basin Editor's Notes Lalu’s envy, India’s pride Kulandai was a giant Delhi returns to BJP He continues the focus on social amelioration London, London Narayan Readers' Mail Alexa – Talking Wikipedia Funding the un-funded A proud Madrasi Robber barons everywhere Recognition to role of NBFCs.... Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet Shale gas and its shallow future Kudos to NDTV... Lesson from Chandrababu Naidu Fortune for Indian Airlines The star of Spencers is no more to the lack of interest on the part of these to focus on original research. This despite the much lower costs of such research in India. The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines The power-full Hindujas Shipping woes of Chennai companies Music happens Put expensive assets created to use... Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Airlines in India: cost and space Revving up the manufacturing sector Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health Roaring Ro-Ro facility MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... Delhi is distant Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil? Gas is the way forward Kinetic Karnataka Tihar, Puzhal not different from Parappana Agrahara Demise of a media baron... Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra Parliament in paralysis... EVM is tamper-proof A professional at the helm of IRDA... Poor quality of university VCs Insurance companies bleeding, yet no decision on increasing FDI limit! Five star activism stalls development activity The Ports’ Pasha expands into Tamil Nadu Gay abandon in pricing Engineering seats go abegging Delhi is distant… When small is no larger beautiful.. Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… For whom the MIDS bell tolls? Cleaning Ganga – relocate tanneries and install electric crematoria Paytm karo... When TN politicians can emulate Kerala's Small units prefers to remain small... Contrarian cousins Modi and the lady When Ratan Tata visited SRM A think tank for Chennai There was flood of milk. Reason: no milk commissioner! Delhi Chalo... Sweet news for TN sugar mills China invests in India All eyes on Sankara Nethralaya No engine for this car Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai The sea- saw battle continues... Not just in-laws (and outlaws); they’ve renowned academics at the helm! TGS- The king storyteller Maximising the micro pricing … F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing He saved millions from starvation... Telangana in top gear… Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna Nuclear power at the nucleus Welcome GST …and of a popular trade leader CIPET hqrs to stay at Guindy – for the present? Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model More heat than light Russi Mody – a tribute Revive development banks... Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... Bihar elections - the Rajaji formula worked A friendly business group Shanti and Sadhana through Music Measuring roof tops in terms of KW/MW Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research Online not in line with brick and mortar businesses... Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ Fuel for thought Where is Rajaji? Moily’s bold thrust An enemy’s enemy is a friend Chennai and Kolkata miss opportunity to grow as Delhi and Mumbai Quality silica from Neyveli Preserving for the future For whom the bell tolls? Focus on quality of power - its only around 170-180V When nations steal growth from one another… A more liberated TN… Varuna (rain) in 2015; Vaayu (air) in 2016. Chennai devastated TIAM turns a full cycle How Air-India loses customs... Land reclamation from sea appears cheaper! Should we change the official year? Modi storms Silicon Valley New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… Streamlining mandatory third party cover Cement prices continue to rise… Breaththrough in malaria control Remembering Indira Sivasailam... Auto components surge… PC’s preference for professionals SoA @ 80 Tatas moving out of urea production... No Maha Koottani in TN... Excel Generators provide the vital back-up Don’t seem to feel the pulse… Wise Presidents Infrastructure funding – lessons learnt The nuclear option TN accounts for the largest recruits by the IT sector Build close rapport with business leaders S Ramanathan – a versatile musician, musicologist This scant respect for Law IPL type auction for VCs? The Jan Dhan bonanza The rise and fall of Annamalai University Tax agriculture Polls and promises Permanent secretariat for TN GIM The Swadeshi Trump Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS TELANGANA at last…BUT Convulsions in The Hindu A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… IPL - no surprise this scam Cutting the nose to spite the face S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal Another Indian music maestro at the UN Sri Lanka votes for change Align crops to agro climate endowments… Making ‘my Amaravati’... Increasing non co-operation of state leaders Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel Come elections, come advertisements... Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... Return to king coal for urea... CII projects higher growth… The balancing act Odisha: spectacular win by Naveen Patnaik When the President was rendered homeless… Fortune 500 review The Gulf aviation boom The brown list of Venkitaramanan Make standards certification mandatory... Rahman at CIC Adapt Vajpayee dinner diplomacy Welcome focus on core competence A yen for wastage… Air Asia India will set new benchmarks for budget travel Muffled voices for merit… Protest masters... Building loyalty through the stomach Tribute – UCAL Selvan… West Bengal: mindless malignancy A rich pool of talent not utilised…. Which side are you, Montek? Silver Years of Madras Musings Medical costs hit the roof... Banning booze... Road development slows down Haul over the coal Pharma – overdose of copying Plummeting profits of PSBs No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu Why land prices zoom in TN? TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... Noble nonagenarians... CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. TN – agglomerate land holdings without alienating ownership Wanted: a second airport for Chennai R Sridhar steps down as CEO of Shriram Capital B H Kothari - a tribute Waning interest in public discussions… Eternal support for capitalisation of PS banks Solar, solar everywhere … The why of tax incentives GM Technology at last! Adharma of opposition politics EEC at the National Media Centre The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’
 
Editor's Notes

Protest protests

In a highly populated country like India, with a high degree of political consciousness, it has been possible to mobilise support for each and every cause.

Look at the experience of Tamil Nadu over the last year. The prolonged protests against the Kudankulam nuclear plant; groups of Muslims marching into the American Consulate in Chennai, protesting against a film by a little-known American; the agitation against screening of the film Viswaroopam; farmers’ protests against laying of the Kochi-Bengaluru gas pipeline in Tirupur; the clash between Pattali Makkal Katchi and Vidhuthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi on inter-caste marriages; opposition to the divestment of shares of Neyveli Lignite Corporation; the several protests against rights being denied to Sri Lankan Tamils by the Rajapakse government and protests against the visit of Sinhalese to Tamil Nadu. The list is only illustrative.  A recent report mentioned Tamil Nadu topping the list for such agitations thanks to the ability of the leaders to mobilise people, on specific issues.

Activists may justify such protests as an expression of democratic dissent. However, they cause widespread damage to the peace and tranquility of civil society. In several cases, like the Kudankulam agitation, they have huge economic implications. The production loss suffered by the nuclear power plant is valued at Rs 14.4 crore per day.

The three-year delay in commissioning the project exceeds the total cost of the project. The felicity with which parties opposed to the government join hands to voice protests make it difficult for the government to enforce law. There is need for a higher degree of tolerance and appreciation of the other point of view.


Policy change to step up investments

Every time I meet B Muthuraman (BM), Vice Chairman, Tata Steel, I get a sharp perspective on the global steel scene. An incurable optimist, BM also used to be quite upbeat on the prospects for India rapidly expanding its steel capacity. He passionately spearheaded Tata Steel’s expansion of  capacity almost four times in a short period and was part of the company’s illustrious team to help it emerge a global producer. He expanded his horizons when he served as President of CII during 2011-12.

I was, therefore, sad to note his  not being enthusiastic over the current state of affairs. He pointed to delays in getting clearances from the various fronts for new projects. The Odisha project of Tata Steel on which he has been working for close to a decade, is a case in point. Phase I of the 6 MT capacity plant is expected to be commissioned only in 2014.

The experience of the South Korean steel giant Posco Steel for its 12 MT capacity steel plant is worse. Opposition from the local population on land acquisition  has stalled this project with potential investment of over Rs 50,000 crore. This despite strong support from the state government.         There is finally news on the completion of the land acquisition process. For Odisha, a state very rich in minerals, such a project can promise jobs and handsome revenues. Yet, unfortunately, several precious years were lost on just the preliminaries. Posco steel offered to set up another 6 MT steel plant at Gadag district in Karnataka as a follow-up to the Global Investors Meet 2010 organised to solicit large FDI. The company deposited Rs 60 crore towards land acquisition. Three years later, Posco Steel was unable to acquire the needed land.

There was also the paralysis  in administration caused by the mining scam of Karnataka. While the administration was enthusiastic about the prospects for a handsome FDI flow through such large projects, the political leadership has not been able to tackle opposition from the locals. Posco with its bitter experience in Odisha, did not feel equal to facing another prolonged battle. The company has withdrawn its plan to set up its second steel plant in India.

The UPA II government, which has been announcing relaxations in its FDI, has failed miserably in tackling issues at the ground level. Several thousand crores of rupees of promised investments are not being made or are idle through severe policy deficiencies relating to issues like land acquisition and allocation of mines. Tata Steel abandoned a Rs 3000 crore titanium project in southern Tamil Nadu after a ten-year ordeal. Several such examples further depress the enthusiasm of investors to invest in large projects. They will increasingly prefer to look for acquisitions or mergers, which may not add much to investment flows.

I am particularly worried over the impact of such withdrawal of projects by multinationals like Posco and the Tatas in the southern states, which have long been considered progressive and investor-friendly. Over a year ago, S Mahalingam, the then CFO of TCS, mentioned the distinct waning of interest on the part of IT industry to invest in the state due to the very high cost of land. The great enthusiasm with which the southern states welcomed the SEZs has also vanished.

The governments at the Centre and the states would do well to resolve the issues of land acquisition, relief and rehabilitation in quick time.

 



Revamp agriculture before promising food security...

There have been wide criticism on the Food Security Ordinance, which appears to be a major platform for the Congress party for the forthcoming Lok Sabha elections. FSB requires 80 MT of foodgrains per annum and an outlay of around Rs 120,000 crore. In the light of the slow growth in food production, averaging less than three per cent per annum, procuring and distributing this huge volume of foodgrains will pose a serious challenge. Some 50 years after the setting up of the Food Corporation of India, the public distribution system has not been efficiently managed across the country. There is a problem of identification of the beneficiaries. Tamil Nadu chose the easy option of making the scheme universal: the state offers 20 kg of rice free of cost to all eligible ration-card holders in the state. Again, there are other states that offer rice or wheat at low prices. In this background, the offer of rice at Rs 3 per kg and wheat at Rs 2 per kg is not unique. Voters thus, may not find the new scheme any better.

There is the additional problem of procuring, storing and delivering this large volume, which is much higher  than at the present levels.

With the procurement drive sucking in bulk of the marketable surplus of farmers, there is also the danger of shortages in the open markets leading to higher prices. Even while Tamil Nadu’s experience provides a warning: rice is freely offered by the state, involving a huge annual subsidy of over Rs 4000 crore; but the open market price of rice of finer varieties have shot up in excess of Rs 50 per kg.

Sadly, the obvious solution, of  a massive step up in production, is not receiving the needed attention. With productivity levels so low, there is enormous scope for stepping up production. All it needs is a focus on the application of science, technology and management, along with efforts to agglomerate the small land holdings. The Punjab and Rajasthan governments’ approach of permitting lease of land for over 15 years, without alienating ownership needs to be replicated.

IE reiterates its suggestion of doubling the target of food production to 500 MT by 2020.


Need to focus on manufacturing

“25 per cent of world’s total export is made up of hi-tech capital goods. But India’s share in this is negligible,” said T C A Ranganathan, CMD, Export Import Bank of India.

Delivering a special address at the 177th Annual General Meeting of Madras Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Ranganathan stressed the importance of India emerging strong as a manufacturer of high quality engineering products. He suggested that industry should utilise the present slow down of the global economy to weed out inefficiencies and gear up manufacturing capacity.

I met the Exim Bank Chairman at his sprawling office at the World Trade Centre, Mumbai. For several years in the past, IE has been organising special seminars on trade issues in cooperation with Exim Bank. In these, several companies assisted by Exim Bank presented case studies on Exim Bank’s expertise and assistance.

These have been of value to the entrepreneurs of the region, especially from the medium and small scale sector. Ranganathan’s special knowledge on emerging economies in Africa and Asia will be of special interest.


 

Can’t compete? Copy.

I have been pointing to the impact both, desirable and otherwise, of Times of India (TOI) on the 136-year old The Hindu. The welcome features include a much better coverage of local issues, particularly those relating to the civic problems of Chennai metro. The recent series of articles in The Hindu under the title Who Cares, pointing to the neglect and encroachments of footpaths, is a welcome effort.

 The sustained campaign of TOI on the bizarre manner of operating auto-rickshaws in Chennai was another welcome effort. For years, auto-rickshaw drivers have been a law unto themselves, fleecing customers and defying law by refusing to charge by the meter. How coolly they had dispensed with the meters! From the usurious capitation fees charged by most private engineering and medical colleges to the plethora of civic issues, TOI has been reporting extensively on issues that impacted severely on the hapless citizens. Happily, the pressure from this peer and leader has influenced the The Hindu, which still accounts for a major share of English newspaper readership in the state.

In another area also one could see the copycat syndrome: of The Hindu massively expanding coverage of film news on the lines of TOI. Of course, TOI has no qualms in presenting a daily fare in its Chennai Times supplement, a portion of which, presumably,  is also paid news.

Press Council Chairman, Markandey Katju, should be looking askance at the full-page analysis in The  Hindu of the Hindi film Raanjhanaa subjecting it to a semantic thesis by several experts spread over a page. I would agree with Katju on the lopsided devotion of space even while a number of burning developmental  issues like a gas pipeline for the south suffers neglect.

I can well understand the impact of TOI - several top managers, including the editor and CEO - are ex-TOI executives.

Former Editor-in-Chief N Ram conceived a sort of ombudsman for the paper: initially ex-employees of The Hindu who had served the paper for decades,were appointed as the Readers’ Editor. The third incumbent, A S Panneerselvam, has better credentials as one from outside. As an active journalist, he seems to perform a greater role as a regular columnist liberally commenting on national and international news relating to media.

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