Ad Here  
August
September
October
November
December
January
 
 
Robber barons everywhere Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil? Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi Gas is the way forward WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Multi-faceted Venkat Fortune 500 review Contrarian cousins Tax agriculture L&T: focus on infrastructure and more infrastructure… When Ratan Tata visited SRM Not just in-laws (and outlaws); they’ve renowned academics at the helm! Whistle-Stop Tour of Raghuram Rajan The sea- saw battle continues... No Maha Koottani in TN... Strengthen the base... Return to king coal for urea... Making ‘my Amaravati’... Tribute – UCAL Selvan… Make standards certification mandatory... Solar, solar everywhere … A proud Madrasi The Ports’ Pasha expands into Tamil Nadu Quality silica from Neyveli IPL type auction for VCs? Adharma of opposition politics EEC at the National Media Centre Rahman at CIC Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... Convulsions in The Hindu Delhi is distant… Banning booze... Adapt Vajpayee dinner diplomacy An inexplicable neglect Remembering Indira Sivasailam... Five star activism stalls development activity Protest masters... Haul over the coal Alexa – Talking Wikipedia Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra Pharma – overdose of copying Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health Noble nonagenarians... IAS invades NDDB... The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more A C Muthiah – his munificent bequeaths to science The brown list of Venkitaramanan Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet The Gulf aviation boom Gay abandon in pricing S Ramanathan – a versatile musician, musicologist Tough task taking states together A yen for wastage… Editor's Says Revive development banks... Music happens Align crops to agro climate endowments… Telangana in top gear… Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ Airlines in India: cost and space A rich pool of talent not utilised…. TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... …and of a popular trade leader Increasing non co-operation of state leaders Excel Generators provide the vital back-up All eyes on Sankara Nethralaya R Sridhar steps down as CEO of Shriram Capital Tribute – M V Murugappan Bihar elections - the Rajaji formula worked A friendly business group For whom the MIDS bell tolls? Why land prices zoom in TN? When online building permits work…. Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai TN accounts for the largest recruits by the IT sector Kinetic Karnataka Moily’s bold thrust Plummeting profits of PSBs Measuring roof tops in terms of KW/MW Muffled voices for merit… Secularism and anti-Hinduism This scant respect for Law CII projects higher growth… Vibrant Gujarat TGS- The king storyteller Lesson from Chandrababu Naidu Poor quality of university VCs When the President was rendered homeless… Preserving for the future TELANGANA at last…BUT Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna Where a state respects its litterateurs… Permanent secretariat for TN GIM CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... Small units prefers to remain small... Fortune for Indian Airlines Wanted: a second airport for Chennai CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. Russi Mody – a tribute GM Technology at last! Nuclear power at the nucleus A welcome initiative by the judiciary Mu Sigma – is no more He continues the focus on social amelioration ONGC at KG Basin An enemy’s enemy is a friend More Shakti to resource mobilisation... GNS - 100: our first subscriber No engine for this car Cleaning Ganga – relocate tanneries and install electric crematoria Sweet news for TN sugar mills Sweeter prospects for sugar No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu Parliament in paralysis... When small is no larger beautiful.. Tatas moving out of urea production... An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... Welcome thrust on trade in Modi’s foreign visits... Odisha: spectacular win by Naveen Patnaik Auto components surge… Marketing expert Balagopal is no more Delhi returns to BJP Breaththrough in malaria control Fuel for thought Shanti and Sadhana through Music The balancing act Silver Years of Madras Musings Land reclamation from sea appears cheaper! Roaring Ro-Ro facility For whom the bell tolls? Tihar, Puzhal not different from Parappana Agrahara Put expensive assets created to use... F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing A glass full of corruption Waning interest in public discussions… IPL - no surprise this scam Readers' Mail Liberal imports idling indigenous capacities Another Indian music maestro at the UN Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Focus on quality of power - its only around 170-180V The nuclear option S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal Intellectual of rare qualities SoA @ 80 When nations steal growth from one another… Delhi Chalo... Towards speedy justice CIPET hqrs to stay at Guindy – for the present? Lalu’s envy, India’s pride Tribute – Manikam Ramaswami London, London Narayan Recognition to role of NBFCs.... Boy, can you beat these? Funding the un-funded Quality education through the PPP mode The why of tax incentives Tatas moving out of urea production... EVM is tamper-proof There was flood of milk. Reason: no milk commissioner! Varuna (rain) in 2015; Vaayu (air) in 2016. Chennai devastated Kudos to NDTV... Infrastructure funding – lessons learnt Demise of a media baron... Should we change the official year? Shale gas and its shallow future Shipping woes of Chennai companies Paytm karo... The power-full Hindujas Valli, they are more marginalised Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… Fall in crude prices help in oil sector reform The few handicaps... Solar thermal shines… Kulandai was a giant Editor's Notes The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’ Computation of GDP – conundrums continue Why this malaise in medical education? Revving up the manufacturing sector Build close rapport with business leaders The rise and fall of Annamalai University Which side are you, Montek? The star of Spencers is no more Mersal magnified He saved millions from starvation... to the lack of interest on the part of these to focus on original research. This despite the much lower costs of such research in India. The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines Engineering seats go abegging Building loyalty through the stomach MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways Come elections, come advertisements... Delhi is distant Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research Modi and the lady How Air-India loses customs... A more liberated TN… A professional at the helm of IRDA... Where is Rajaji? Naidu will soon build a new Hyderabad Streamlining mandatory third party cover Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS Modi storms Silicon Valley Chennai and Kolkata miss opportunity to grow as Delhi and Mumbai When TN politicians can emulate Kerala's Welcome focus on core competence Tribute Eternal support for capitalisation of PS banks Sri Lanka votes for change B H Kothari - a tribute TN – agglomerate land holdings without alienating ownership PPP mode for upgrading Corporation Hospitals Medical costs hit the roof... Discoms deserve better… Cutting the nose to spite the face Cement prices continue to rise… Welcome GST A think tank for Chennai Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... L&T- the specialty of special purpose vehicles Insurance companies bleeding, yet no decision on increasing FDI limit! More tributes to GR Online not in line with brick and mortar businesses... Polls and promises Of course, Gujarat is vibrant Don’t seem to feel the pulse… Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel Air Asia India will set new benchmarks for budget travel New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… More heat than light China invests in India Wise Presidents More Shakthi to Das’ elbow TIAM turns a full cycle Road development slows down A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… PC’s preference for professionals The Jan Dhan bonanza The rise and rise of KCP The Swadeshi Trump Things happen by accident and not by design... Maximising the micro pricing … West Bengal: mindless malignancy
 
A yen for wastage…

A decade ago, McKinsey report mentioned that a third of fruits and vegetables produced in India are wasted through lack of attention to handling these. The report stated that this wastage is equivalent to the total consumption of such products in the UK. Involved with the Agriculture Consultancy Ma-

nagement Foundation (ACMF) promoted by IE to improve productivity of agriculture, I have watched with dismay that such wastages continue to abound in the farms; in transporting the produce from farm gates to the wholesaler; from the mandis to the retailer and finally to the consumer. Cold chains, much bandied about, are a far cry in a country where power shortages are rampant, pervasive and frequent. There is also the consequent high tariff for power, which makes cold storages so much more expensive and unaffordable by the average farmer. One solution is the quick adoption of techniques followed in developed countries. China has done this effectively, inviting large multinationals to extend technology for achieving quantum jumps in productivity of crops like potato; more importantly, in establishing a highly sophisticated system of handling the produce.

The liberalisation of retail trade is expected to attend to this. But the familiar paralysis of governance in Delhi has not enthused large retail chains to set up shop in India with any sense of urgency. Several regional leaders including Arvind Kejriwal are against liberalisation of retail trade. Hopefully, a new government at the Centre by mid 2014 would have sufficient power to focus on such vital issues.

Even while I express concern over this issue, I noticed more callous wastage in that haven for efficiency, the USA. I visited an apple orchard near Boston. There are several of these large private orchards spread over vast areas. They raise a large variety of apples. Adopting scientific practices, they produce in profuse quantities. Of course, they suffer from the problem of high cost of labour to manage these. Mechanisation, which is pervasive in most other aspects of US industry and  agriculture, has not been possible for plucking such fruits.

Private orchards resort to making money through tourism offering the opportunity for visitors spend time at the orchards and pluck the fruits.  For an entrance fee of $ 14, the visitor is provided a bag. He/she can pluck and fill these with apples and pears.  Tractor-trailer rides with hay seats take the visitors (for an additional fee) through different parts of the orchards raising several varieties of the fruits. Instructions are also given on the method of plucking the fruits.

All this is exciting. But, sadly, I noticed humongous wastage by amateurish plucking. On a rough estimate, I found more than half the produce was wasted.

There are well-organised orchards in India where attention is paid to reducing such wastage. Reliance Industries offers an excellent example. In Jamnagar, along side its two world-class refineries, the company has set up a sprawling mango orchard. Thousands of mango trees are raised on scientific basis under the direction of expert scientists and managers. The trees are pruned to a height of less than 10 feet in beautiful canopy shape. A lot of research inputs are made to extend the season as also expand variety and improve quality. The normal wastages seen in traditional orchards of tall trees suffering bird and squirrel bites are avoided. In quick time, the company established a flourishing export market for mangoes.

The lesson is clear: as in other aspects of the economy, agriculture needs science, technology and management. That is possible only by agglomeration of thousands of small land holdings. Punjab and Rajasthan have amended land acts permitting lease of land for 15 years and more. It’s time other states follow this.

 

Author :
Reported On :
Sector :
Shoulder :
RELATED NEWS
ABOUT IE
IE, the business magazine from south was launched in 1968 and pioneered business journalism in south. Through the 45 years IE has been focusing on well-presented and well-researched articles. When giants in the industry stumbled to keep pace with the digital revolution, IE stayed affixed embracing technology.
Read more
 
PRIVACY POLICY
Economist Communications Ltd is committed to ensuring that your privacy is protected.
Read more
TERMS AND CONDITIONS
You agree that your use of this Website and the purchase of the magazine will be governed by these terms and conditions.
Read more
 
CONTACT US
S-15, Industrial Estate,
Guindy,
Chennai - 600 032.
PHONE: +91 44 22501236
EMAIL: indecom1968@gmail.com