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Shanti and Sadhana through Music PPP mode for upgrading Corporation Hospitals The why of tax incentives Mu Sigma – is no more ONGC at KG Basin More heat than light Of course, Gujarat is vibrant S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal He saved millions from starvation... Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Readers' Mail Fuel for thought The Ports’ Pasha expands into Tamil Nadu Medical costs hit the roof... No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu Roaring Ro-Ro facility …and of a popular trade leader Mersal magnified The Gulf aviation boom Where a state respects its litterateurs… Should we change the official year? When TN politicians can emulate Kerala's Welcome focus on core competence Whistle-Stop Tour of Raghuram Rajan Protest masters... An enemy’s enemy is a friend Excel Generators provide the vital back-up R Sridhar steps down as CEO of Shriram Capital Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi Valli, they are more marginalised SoA @ 80 Online not in line with brick and mortar businesses... Build close rapport with business leaders GM Technology at last! TN accounts for the largest recruits by the IT sector All eyes on Sankara Nethralaya Revive development banks... Lalu’s envy, India’s pride Sweeter prospects for sugar Noble nonagenarians... Alexa – Talking Wikipedia L&T- the specialty of special purpose vehicles Delhi is distant… CII projects higher growth… Delhi Chalo... Welcome GST Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more Shipping woes of Chennai companies Russi Mody – a tribute Things happen by accident and not by design... The power-full Hindujas Breaththrough in malaria control Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai Infrastructure funding – lessons learnt He continues the focus on social amelioration A glass full of corruption A rich pool of talent not utilised…. Solar thermal shines… An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... Eternal support for capitalisation of PS banks Don’t seem to feel the pulse… Muffled voices for merit… Intellectual of rare qualities Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... Odisha: spectacular win by Naveen Patnaik Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel Telangana in top gear… Airlines in India: cost and space EVM is tamper-proof Cutting the nose to spite the face Nuclear power at the nucleus CIPET hqrs to stay at Guindy – for the present? No engine for this car Which side are you, Montek? Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School This scant respect for Law The few handicaps... 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Fall in crude prices help in oil sector reform Secularism and anti-Hinduism S Ramanathan – a versatile musician, musicologist Make standards certification mandatory... When online building permits work…. Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... A C Muthiah – his munificent bequeaths to science Small units prefers to remain small... Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet Gay abandon in pricing Increasing non co-operation of state leaders A friendly business group MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways Parliament in paralysis... Adapt Vajpayee dinner diplomacy PC’s preference for professionals The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’ Shale gas and its shallow future Adharma of opposition politics Why this malaise in medical education? For whom the bell tolls? Remembering Indira Sivasailam... Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna Naidu will soon build a new Hyderabad More tributes to GR Moily’s bold thrust More Shakti to resource mobilisation... Tribute Recognition to role of NBFCs.... B H Kothari - a tribute London, London Narayan Come elections, come advertisements... Paytm karo... Not just in-laws (and outlaws); they’ve renowned academics at the helm! Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra West Bengal: mindless malignancy Cleaning Ganga – relocate tanneries and install electric crematoria Put expensive assets created to use... Cement prices continue to rise… The star of Spencers is no more IAS invades NDDB... Rahman at CIC Delhi is distant Where is Rajaji? F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing There was flood of milk. Reason: no milk commissioner! Funding the un-funded Contrarian cousins The Swadeshi Trump New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… GNS - 100: our first subscriber Delhi returns to BJP Return to king coal for urea... Kudos to NDTV... The brown list of Venkitaramanan Focus on quality of power - its only around 170-180V Music happens TELANGANA at last…BUT China invests in India TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... 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Haul over the coal Vibrant Gujarat Tribute – Manikam Ramaswami Polls and promises Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Banning booze... CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. The rise and fall of Annamalai University Making ‘my Amaravati’... A welcome initiative by the judiciary Building loyalty through the stomach Demise of a media baron... How Air-India loses customs... Modi storms Silicon Valley Welcome thrust on trade in Modi’s foreign visits... to the lack of interest on the part of these to focus on original research. This despite the much lower costs of such research in India. The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines A yen for wastage… Preserving for the future A think tank for Chennai Towards speedy justice The Jan Dhan bonanza A professional at the helm of IRDA... The sea- saw battle continues... Editor's Notes An inexplicable neglect When nations steal growth from one another… When Ratan Tata visited SRM Road development slows down Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil?
 
He saved millions from starvation...

This is the centenary year of Dr. Norman Borlaug, the Father of the Green Revolution. His introduction of the Mexican dwarf varieties of wheat and successful spread of the technology at Mexico, Pakistan and India contributed to quantum jumps in wheat productivity. Borlaug grew up in Iowa State in the US. He later worked at the Rockefeller Foundation, Mexico, where he introduced the exotic hybrid seed. Still later, he taught at the Texas University. Until he breathed his last in 2009, he worked at farms, training thousands in agri production techniques.

India owes a great deal to Borlaug. C Subramaniam as Minister of Agriculture brought the first hybrid seeds from Mexico during India’s worst years in mid 1960s. Encouraged by Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, CS introduced the hybrid wheat variety in a thousand demonstration plots including one around his own house in Delhi. He involved scientists of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and geared up the civil administration under the brilliant B Shivaraman, ICS.

The results were phenomenal. Food production that had nosedived from 89.34 million tonnes in 1964-65 to 72.35 MT in 1965-66, increased to 99.50 MT in 1969-70. Wheat production nearly doubled from 10.29 MT in 1965-66 to 20.69 MT in 1969-70.There was coordinated work by scientists, agriculture universities, notably, Punjab and Pantnagar, extension machinery of the states and the Central agriculture department. The farmers who were initially sceptical, besieged universities and demanded the new seed variety. CS arranged for import of 18,000 tonnes of such seeds from Mexico through Borlaug. He once recalled with pain: “the customs department quarantined the seeds and it took special efforts to get them released!”

CS truly triggered the green revolution in India with the help of Borlaug. In 1996 Borlaug visited Chennai on the invitation of MS Swaminathan. The latter entrusted me the task to organise an interactive session with this great scientist at the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation. I did this and at the end drove Borlaug to the residence of CS. The two octogenarians passionately discussed the elimination of global hunger!

A measure of the contribution of Borlaug’s invention should be evident from the productivity jump in wheat provided by National Geographic: for the production of 95 million tonnes of wheat the country produced last year, we would be requiring around 96 million hectares; we have been able to do this in just 26 million hectares! What visionaries and what contribution Borlaug, CS, the team of scientists and administrators made that gave the comfort of food surplus for our country!

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