Ad Here  
Where a state respects its litterateurs… Align crops to agro climate endowments… Welcome thrust on trade in Modi’s foreign visits... Editor's Notes Bihar elections - the Rajaji formula worked Funding the un-funded When online building permits work…. No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu Robber barons everywhere More tributes to GR Tax agriculture TGS- The king storyteller Kinetic Karnataka Muffled voices for merit… The Ports’ Pasha expands into Tamil Nadu When Ratan Tata visited SRM GM Technology at last! Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel Poor quality of university VCs CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Silver Years of Madras Musings The balancing act Haul over the coal The brown list of Venkitaramanan L&T: focus on infrastructure and more infrastructure… A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… An enemy’s enemy is a friend Roaring Ro-Ro facility CII projects higher growth… Rahman at CIC Shale gas and its shallow future For whom the MIDS bell tolls? A proud Madrasi Medical costs hit the roof... Which side are you, Montek? to the lack of interest on the part of these to focus on original research. This despite the much lower costs of such research in India. The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines GNS - 100: our first subscriber Fuel for thought Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil? An inexplicable neglect Come elections, come advertisements... Protest masters... Cutting the nose to spite the face Telangana in top gear… Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways IPL type auction for VCs? Shanti and Sadhana through Music Modi storms Silicon Valley Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi Shipping woes of Chennai companies No engine for this car An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... Delhi is distant TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... CIPET hqrs to stay at Guindy – for the present? Tribute – UCAL Selvan… Measuring roof tops in terms of KW/MW Building loyalty through the stomach Making ‘my Amaravati’... Eternal support for capitalisation of PS banks West Bengal: mindless malignancy He saved millions from starvation... Solar, solar everywhere … Readers' Mail For whom the bell tolls? Editor's Says Engineering seats go abegging Valli, they are more marginalised Streamlining mandatory third party cover Welcome focus on core competence Quality silica from Neyveli R Sridhar steps down as CEO of Shriram Capital There was flood of milk. Reason: no milk commissioner! Tihar, Puzhal not different from Parappana Agrahara TELANGANA at last…BUT Tough task taking states together Kulandai was a giant The few handicaps... S Ramanathan – a versatile musician, musicologist Auto components surge… CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... Insurance companies bleeding, yet no decision on increasing FDI limit! Banning booze... Put expensive assets created to use... Cleaning Ganga – relocate tanneries and install electric crematoria Russi Mody – a tribute Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra No Maha Koottani in TN... Small units prefers to remain small... Tribute – Manikam Ramaswami Fortune 500 review TIAM turns a full cycle EVM is tamper-proof Build close rapport with business leaders Moily’s bold thrust Contrarian cousins More heat than light Tatas moving out of urea production... Odisha: spectacular win by Naveen Patnaik This scant respect for Law EEC at the National Media Centre Five star activism stalls development activity The Gulf aviation boom Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal Don’t seem to feel the pulse… New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… When nations steal growth from one another… Welcome GST Gas is the way forward Computation of GDP – conundrums continue Noble nonagenarians... Mu Sigma – is no more The power-full Hindujas Airlines in India: cost and space Recognition to role of NBFCs.... B H Kothari - a tribute Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna PC’s preference for professionals Parliament in paralysis... Breaththrough in malaria control IPL - no surprise this scam Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS Alexa – Talking Wikipedia Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’ Music happens Another Indian music maestro at the UN Delhi Chalo... Preserving for the future Revive development banks... Fortune for Indian Airlines PPP mode for upgrading Corporation Hospitals London, London Narayan Of course, Gujarat is vibrant Why this malaise in medical education? The nuclear option Towards speedy justice When the President was rendered homeless… Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet Multi-faceted Venkat Marketing expert Balagopal is no more A more liberated TN… Pharma – overdose of copying TN accounts for the largest recruits by the IT sector Demise of a media baron... Intellectual of rare qualities Wanted: a second airport for Chennai He continues the focus on social amelioration Chennai and Kolkata miss opportunity to grow as Delhi and Mumbai More Shakti to resource mobilisation... Should we change the official year? The rise and fall of Annamalai University ONGC at KG Basin Lalu’s envy, India’s pride Not just in-laws (and outlaws); they’ve renowned academics at the helm! Strengthen the base... How Air-India loses customs... Focus on quality of power - its only around 170-180V The sea- saw battle continues... TN – agglomerate land holdings without alienating ownership Varuna (rain) in 2015; Vaayu (air) in 2016. Chennai devastated The star of Spencers is no more Delhi returns to BJP Lesson from Chandrababu Naidu Boy, can you beat these? The Swadeshi Trump Nuclear power at the nucleus Solar thermal shines… More Shakthi to Das’ elbow Maximising the micro pricing … Waning interest in public discussions… Road development slows down Adapt Vajpayee dinner diplomacy Wise Presidents Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ A glass full of corruption Air Asia India will set new benchmarks for budget travel Online not in line with brick and mortar businesses... Kudos to NDTV... A rich pool of talent not utilised…. Polls and promises The why of tax incentives Where is Rajaji? Delhi is distant… Quality education through the PPP mode Whistle-Stop Tour of Raghuram Rajan When TN politicians can emulate Kerala's Excel Generators provide the vital back-up Convulsions in The Hindu Things happen by accident and not by design... Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model Return to king coal for urea... Fall in crude prices help in oil sector reform Why land prices zoom in TN? Adharma of opposition politics A professional at the helm of IRDA... Sweeter prospects for sugar Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research …and of a popular trade leader Modi and the lady Tatas moving out of urea production... Infrastructure funding – lessons learnt A think tank for Chennai Sri Lanka votes for change When small is no larger beautiful.. A yen for wastage… F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing China invests in India A C Muthiah – his munificent bequeaths to science Discoms deserve better… Revving up the manufacturing sector Tribute Sweet news for TN sugar mills Make standards certification mandatory... Land reclamation from sea appears cheaper! Increasing non co-operation of state leaders Naidu will soon build a new Hyderabad All eyes on Sankara Nethralaya A welcome initiative by the judiciary L&T- the specialty of special purpose vehicles Tribute – M V Murugappan Cement prices continue to rise… Liberal imports idling indigenous capacities Paytm karo... Gay abandon in pricing Secularism and anti-Hinduism IAS invades NDDB... Permanent secretariat for TN GIM WTO Meet: resolved to meet again The Jan Dhan bonanza Plummeting profits of PSBs The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more The rise and rise of KCP Remembering Indira Sivasailam... Vibrant Gujarat A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… SoA @ 80 Mersal magnified A friendly business group
He saved millions from starvation...

This is the centenary year of Dr. Norman Borlaug, the Father of the Green Revolution. His introduction of the Mexican dwarf varieties of wheat and successful spread of the technology at Mexico, Pakistan and India contributed to quantum jumps in wheat productivity. Borlaug grew up in Iowa State in the US. He later worked at the Rockefeller Foundation, Mexico, where he introduced the exotic hybrid seed. Still later, he taught at the Texas University. Until he breathed his last in 2009, he worked at farms, training thousands in agri production techniques.

India owes a great deal to Borlaug. C Subramaniam as Minister of Agriculture brought the first hybrid seeds from Mexico during India’s worst years in mid 1960s. Encouraged by Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, CS introduced the hybrid wheat variety in a thousand demonstration plots including one around his own house in Delhi. He involved scientists of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and geared up the civil administration under the brilliant B Shivaraman, ICS.

The results were phenomenal. Food production that had nosedived from 89.34 million tonnes in 1964-65 to 72.35 MT in 1965-66, increased to 99.50 MT in 1969-70. Wheat production nearly doubled from 10.29 MT in 1965-66 to 20.69 MT in 1969-70.There was coordinated work by scientists, agriculture universities, notably, Punjab and Pantnagar, extension machinery of the states and the Central agriculture department. The farmers who were initially sceptical, besieged universities and demanded the new seed variety. CS arranged for import of 18,000 tonnes of such seeds from Mexico through Borlaug. He once recalled with pain: “the customs department quarantined the seeds and it took special efforts to get them released!”

CS truly triggered the green revolution in India with the help of Borlaug. In 1996 Borlaug visited Chennai on the invitation of MS Swaminathan. The latter entrusted me the task to organise an interactive session with this great scientist at the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation. I did this and at the end drove Borlaug to the residence of CS. The two octogenarians passionately discussed the elimination of global hunger!

A measure of the contribution of Borlaug’s invention should be evident from the productivity jump in wheat provided by National Geographic: for the production of 95 million tonnes of wheat the country produced last year, we would be requiring around 96 million hectares; we have been able to do this in just 26 million hectares! What visionaries and what contribution Borlaug, CS, the team of scientists and administrators made that gave the comfort of food surplus for our country!

Author :
Reported On :
Sector :
Shoulder :
IE, the business magazine from south was launched in 1968 and pioneered business journalism in south. Through the 45 years IE has been focusing on well-presented and well-researched articles. When giants in the industry stumbled to keep pace with the digital revolution, IE stayed affixed embracing technology.
Read more
Economist Communications Ltd is committed to ensuring that your privacy is protected.
Read more
You agree that your use of this Website and the purchase of the magazine will be governed by these terms and conditions.
Read more
S-15, Industrial Estate,
Chennai - 600 032.
PHONE: +91 44 22501236